Convertible bonds: everything you need to know if you want to invest

Convertible bonds are an alternative investment option for investors seeking a mix of balance and equity opportunities. Its mix between fixed income and equities has attracted a multitude of investors, making it an interesting investment.

Below we will explain what these instruments consist of, what type of investors usually invest in them and why they are so interesting.

What are convertible bonds?

Convertible bonds are hybrid financial instruments that blend debt and equity, capturing the essence of both types of assets. As corporate bonds, they offer periodic interest payments, as do other fixed income instruments, although these are generally lower than those of a conventional fixed income instrument.

However, their distinguishing feature is that, at specific times within their life, the bond can be converted into a predefined number of shares of the issuing company based on the investment in such assets. This conversion capability not only distinguishes them in the financial market, but also adds a layer of complexity and attractiveness to investors.

The decision to convert bonds into shares is optional, and is mostly based on the performance of the company’s stock and market conditions, providing some flexibility for investors.

Advantages of investing in convertible bonds

Investing in convertible bonds offers a number of unique advantages that make them particularly attractive to different types of investors in the financial investment landscape. Some of these advantages are as follows:

  • Capital appreciation and participation in the company’s growth: Convertible bonds allow investors to benefit from the issuing company’s growth potential. By converting bonds into shares, investors can directly participate in the increase in the company’s value.
  • Downside protection: Unlike direct equity investments, convertible bonds offer inherent protection against share price depreciation. In the event that the value of the stock declines, the investor retains the value of his or her bond investment, providing a cushion against market fluctuations.
  • Portfolio diversification: By combining debt and equity features, convertible bonds bring unique diversification to investment portfolios. This diversification can help reduce overall portfolio risk, as convertible bonds tend to behave differently than other traditional assets such as pure equities or conventional bonds.
  • Tax efficiency: the interest paid on the bonds is directly integrated into the personal income tax base. However, by converting the initial investment into equity, the investor does not have to pay tax on the bond coupon, which is more efficient from a purely tax point of view. This is similar to what happens with accumulation mutual funds, in which stock dividends accrue to the fund’s assets automatically.
  • Fixed interest and regular income streams: Unlike stocks, convertible bonds offer fixed interest payments over the life of the bond. This provides a regular and predictable income stream, which is attractive to investors seeking a combination of income and growth potential.
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Key criteria when investing in convertible bonds

Despite its advantages, this asset class is not suitable for all investors. Some key criteria for choosing the right bond are as follows:

  • Credit quality of the issuer: The creditworthiness of the issuing company is critical when choosing convertible bonds. An issuer with a high credit rating usually indicates a lower risk of default. Investors should carefully examine the company’s financial history, stability, and ability to meet debt obligations.
  • Conversion terms, which include the conversion ratio and conversion price. These terms determine how many shares can be obtained by converting the bond and at what price.
  • Market conditions and stock volatility: In bull markets, convertible bonds can offer great upside potential due to the possibility of conversion into shares.
  • Maturity conditions, such as bond duration and early redemption options. Bonds with longer maturities may offer more opportunities to benefit from conversion, but may also be subject to greater market uncertainties.

Invest in bonds through inbestMe

inbestMe is the perfect place to invest in convertible bonds. The platform not only facilitates the selection of the most suitable bonds for each investor, but also provides educational and support tools for all investors.

So, if you want to learn more about our platform, log in to inbestMe today and discover all our products and services.

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